75th Anniversary of Roerich Pact marked at RCSC

Tuesday, 26 October 2010 07:54

     A two-day Social and Scientific Conference” The Roerich Pact and the Banner of Peace as the Phenomenon of the World Culture” was held at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture on October 22, 2010.

     The Conference was jointly organized by The International Council of the Roerich Organization by the name of S.N. Roerich (Moscow, Russia), The St. Petersburg Branch of the International League for the Protection of Culture (St. Petersburg, Russia), The Academy of Innovatics GLOBELINKS-R (RUSSIANLICS, Saratov), The Ukrainian Roerich Society (Kiev, Ukraine), The Estonian Roerich Society (European Union, Estonia, Tallinn), and The Tien Shan Roerich Society (Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek), under the patronage of The Embassy of the Russian Federation in India (New Delhi), The Russian Centre of Science and Culture (New Delhi), The International Centre and Museum by the name of N.K. Roerich (Moscow, Russia), The International Roerich Memorial Trust (Naggar, Kullu), and The Khakas Research Institute of Language, Literature and Art (Abakan, Russia).

     The Conference was part of the VII International Socio and Scientific Forum “Culture and Pace are Sacred Stronghold of Mankind” devoted to the 75th Anniversary of the Roerich Pact..Protection of Culture, organized within the framework of the International Council of Roerich Organization by the name of the programme “How do We protect a Living Tissue of Culture” The programme was launched in 2005 and held in many regions of Russia and Ukraine. The programme addresses the topical issues concerning the sphere of culture. Besides, it was one of the forms of implementation of the Roerich Pact regulations. The Roerich Pact serves the foundation of the international legal protection system of cultural values.

      A high-level Russian delegation led by Ms. Olga Alekseevna Urozhenko, Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Chair of History of Arts at Urals State University named after A. M. Gorkil. Chairperson of the International Council of the Roerich Organizations in the name of S. N. Roerich, participated in the forum. Mr. Chiryatyev Mikhail, Scientific Secretary of the ICR Academic Council, Hon. Chairman of St. Petersburg Branch ICR, Vice President of the International League for the Protection of Culture, conducted the proceeding of the forum.

     Mr. Fyodor A. Rozovskiy, Director, RCSC, in his welcome address emphasized the significance of the forum in the context of the cultural synthesis materialized through century-long historical and traditional relations between Russia and India. He made a pointed reference to the immense contribution made by the Roerich family in bringing the countries to closer proximity.

     The main participant from Indian side, Prof. Dr. Lokesh Chandra, Director, International Academy of Indian Culture, who stands prominent as a scholar on Roerichs and has made signal contribution to the research studies on Roerichs, underscored the significance of the Roerich Pact.

     The first international treaty in the sphere of preservation of the world cultural heritage was created on the initiative of the distinguished Russian peace-maker, artist and traveler Nicholas Roerich. For the first time, he represented this idea in 1904. On April 15, 1935, the treaty concerning the protection of art, academic institutions and historical monuments—the Roerich Pact—was signed by the heads of the government of 21 countries of the American continent. The ideas of the Roerich Pact gained the sincere support of cultural figures in India. Rabindranath Tagore wrote to N. Roerich expressing his deep appreciation on the Pact. Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of free India, approved of the Pact in 1948. The spiritual depth, humanistic orientation, aspiration to unite the mankind on the foundation of Beauty and Knowledge of the Roerich Pact are extremely vital in our modern world. The collaboration of the forum’s participants in New Delhi, Simla and Kullu may become an important step in maintaining the ideas of the Roerich Pact regulations, in popularizing the concept of culture contained in the Roerichs heritage, as well as in facilitating the effective social and cultural ties between Russia and India.

      The forum, well timed to the birthday of S. N. Roerich on October 23, 2010, is being followed by meeting with students and teacher of the Centre for Russian and Central Asian Studies and Centre of Russian Studies at the JNU, Social and Scientific Seminar “Kullu is the Magnet of the Future Culture”, meeting with the scientists of the Institute of Integrated Himalayan Studies (Simla), International Festival of Children’s Creative Initiatives “Children of the World About Peace”, video address of children from Russia, Ukraine, Estonia, Kirgizia, Uzbekistan, the support action for restoring Roerich’s Estate in Kullu, the candle lightening ceremony near the stone that is the cremation place of S. N. Roerich, and Exhibitions “The Sculpture by a. Lenov in Photographs (Delhi, Kullu), “India by the Children’s Eyes”.

      The forum deliberated on the socially-significant issues such as the relevance of the Roerich Pact in a modern world and the role of scientific, state and social organizations in promoting its ideas, the Banner of Peace as the international symbol of activity for the protection of culture, the International Centre of the Roerichs as the leading centre of the Roerichs heritage studies, the current status of culture and the development of social forms of its protection in India, Russia and other countries, the experience of forming modern cultural space in Russia, India and other countries, the ways of public support in preservation of the heritage and revival of the “Urusvati” Institute, the development of cooperation with the International Roerich Memorial Trust in Kullu and other memorial places of the Roerichs in India, the preservation of the memorial places, cultural and historical heritage of the Roerichs in various counties of the world, etc.

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