Joint declaration by the Russian Federation and the Republic of India 3 December 2004

Friday, 03 December 2004 00:00
The Republic of India and the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as the Sides,

Guidedby mutual trust and respect inherent in bilateral relations,

Drawingupon their wide ranging tradition of cooperation since the establishment of diplomatic relations in April
1947,

Recalling the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation of
25 January 1993,

Recallingthe Declaration on Strategic Partnership between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation of 3
October 2000,

Convincedof the mutual desire to promote global peace and progress, and the need to counter challenges arising
out of international terrorism,

Confirmtheir adherence to the common ideals of secularism, democracy, rule of law, cultural diversity and
pluralism,

Affirmtheir commitment to develop further and enhance the strategic partnership based on nation-wide consensus
in both the States,

Declare as follow;

I

India and Russia, as two of the largest democracies in the world, are deeply committed to the establishment of a
more democratic world order, based on a multi-polar world, which takes into account the major changes that have
taken place in the international political landscape over the past few decades. The two Sides note with satisfaction
that the strategic partnership between them serves their long-term national interests, strengthens bilateral relations,
deepens mutually beneficial cooperation and contributes to the international peace and security.

The Sides agree to intensify exchanges in bilateral relations at the political and parliamentary levels, between the
Security Councils and at official level. The significant degree of convergence in the overall perspective as well as
interests of the two sides, have enabled Indo-Russian relations to withstand the test of time. Both sides recognize
that their cooperation strengthens strategic stability in Asia and the world as a whole.

The Sides propose to continue consultations at all levels between the foreign ministries of the two countries,
including those on disarmament as well as on the United Nations issues. Priority attention will be paid to coordination
of efforts through the Joint Working Group on Combating Global Challenges and the Joint Working Group on
Combating International Terrorism.

The Indian Side regards Russia as a major and fully active member of the international community, and as a
country whose voice commands respect and attention on issues of global concern. In this context, the Indian Side
strongly supports the earliest possible accession of Russia to the World Trade Organization. The Sides regard this
support as an important demonstration of Indo-Russian relations of strategic partnership, and express their desire to
develop, after the accession of Russia to the WTO, cooperation within that Organization, based on the principles of
mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit.

The Sides are convinced that trade, culture and tourism promote economic cooperation, goodwill and people-
to-people contacts between nations. The Sides stress that the traditionally strong bilateral relations have rested on
foundations of political, defence and economic exchanges of a substantial nature. In the current context, this process
has to be carried forward and strengthened further. Mutual investments in industries cooperation in IT and banking
are some areas that offer a new scope. Energy has constituted an important part of the bilateral relationship. Nuclear
power plants offer a pollution-free and substantial source of energy to provide for the sustainable development. Both
Sides are determined to continue their existing cooperation in the field of nuclear energy, incorporating innovative
technologies to ensure energy security, with due regard to the international non-proliferation norms. Cooperation
in the oil and gas sectors also offer considerable scope for investment by Indian companies in Russia. Similarly,
Russian companies could have an important stake in the infrastructure development sector in India.

II

The Sides agree that the 21st century presents new challenges. In a globalised world, there are inherent inter-
linkages not only between countries, but also between issues. Both sides recognise the indivisibility between
security and prosperity in the present day world. They agree that the most effective way to address contemporary
challenges is through multilateral approaches based on the widest possible international support. Multi-lateralism is
an instrument to work towards the objective of a multi-polar world.

The UN system is at the centre of multi-lateralism. Both sides agree to cooperate closely at the UN and in

other international organizations. In 2005 the UN will be 60 years old. Both sides emphasise the necessity of
comprehensive reforms in the UN system so as to reflect both the enlarged membership in the UN and the
contemporary realities. India and Russia emphasise that the expansion of the UN Security Council is an urgent
imperative to make the Security Council more representative and effective. In this framework, the Russian Federation
reiterates once again that it regards India as an influential and major member of the international community. The
Russian Federation reaffirms its support to India as a deserving and strong candidate for the permanent membership
in an expanded UN Security Council.

III

India and Russian Federation reiterate their common resolve to fight terrorism. They reaffirm that global terrorism
in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and
condemned in the strongest terms all acts of terrorism irrespective of their motivation, whenever and by whomsoever
committed. They underscore that there can be no justification for terrorism on any grounds, including ideological,
religious, racial, ethnic or any other. They believe that the fight against terrorism has to be long-term, sustained
and comprehensive. In this regard they emphasise the need for giving substance and credibility to the global fight
against terrorism and avoid selective approaches and political expediency. With the recent targeting of open societies
around the world, India and Russia as two large and influential democracies, have reasons to be concerned about
the vulnerability of democracies to terrorist attacks, because terrorism exploits the strengths of democracies such as,
the protection of human rights, freedom of expression and movement.

Both countries welcome the unanimous adoption of the UN Security Council resolution 1566 [piloted by the
Russian Federation]. Noting that it seeks to consider action against terrorists including sanctions and judicial action
and aims at making the Counter Terrorism Committee more action-oriented, both countries decided to actively
cooperate with each other in counter-terrorism efforts.

India and Russia re-emphasise the need for an early adoption by the General Assembly of the Comprehensive
Convention on International Terrorism and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear
Terrorism.

IV

Both sides reaffirm that proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their means of delivery and
related materials, particularly the risk of their falling into the hands of terrorists, constitutes a threat to international
peace and security. They highlighted the need to prevent terrorists or those who harbour them, from acquiring or
developing WMD, their means of delivery and related materials. Both sides emphasised the necessity to further
address this threat on national basis as well as through forward looking multilateral long term efforts by all partners
against proliferation with the central role of the United Nations. As strategic partners India and Russia affirmed their
commitment to cooperate bilaterally as well as through appropriate multilateral forums towards contributing to this
objective.

Both sides also reaffirm their commitment to support efforts to prevent the deployment of weapons in outer space
while preserving it for peaceful and cooperative activities aimed at providing developmental benefits.

V

The Sides note with satisfaction that the Trilateral Meetings at the Foreign Ministers level of India, Russia
and China have been taking place regularly. These meetings have been useful in promoting understanding and
exploring areas of possible cooperation at a trilateral and at an international level. The Trilateral Meetings have also
reflected a strong concern against terrorism anywhere and in any form. The Sides express their conviction in favour
of progressive increase in the trilateral cooperation, which could also result in social and economic development
amongst the three countries.

VI

The Sides considered the situation in Central Asia and note that security and stability in that region coincide with
the priorities of India and Russia for the region. Greater economic growth and democratic progress of the Central
Asian States demand the respect of their freedom to choose the models of development and implementation of
reforms.

VII

The Sides express concern over continuing violence in Iraq and stressed the need for an intra-Iraqi dialogue
aimed at building national consensus on a new constitution and on restoring stability and security in the country.

The Sides advocate strict compliance of the UN Security Council resolution 1546, particularly with regard to the
interim timetable of political process stipulated by it with a view to facilitating the formation of a new, democratic Iraq.

The Sides affirm their continuing interest in contributing to the reconstruction efforts in Iraq and urged a wider
degree of international consultation in the ongoing peace efforts. The Sides believe that it would be in the interest of
the international community to restore the efficacy of multilateral approaches in addressing situations such as the war

in Iraq.

VIII

The Sides support the objective of a lasting, just and comprehensive settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict, based
on relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council. The sides encourage the resumption of peaceful negotiations as
soon as possible in accordance with the Road Map worked out by the Quartet of international intermediaries and
approved by the UN Security Council in its resolution 1515.

IX

The Sides welcome the successful conclusion of the Presidential elections in Afghanistan and look forward to
the emergence of an inclusive government, underlining the importance of efforts at national reconciliation and unity.
The Sides also look forward to conduct of the parliamentary elections as scheduled in April/May 2005. They express
support for a strong, united, sovereign and independent Afghanistan and underline the importance of empowering the
Central authority with indigenous security institutions.

The Sides reiterate their support for the reconstruction process in Afghanistan. The Sides express their concern
at the continuing threat to security, especially in the South and Southeastern provinces and also over the continued
increase in the cultivation, production and trafficking of narcotic drugs in Afghanistan and underlined the need for
effective steps to counteract the drug and terrorist threats.

X

The Republic of India and the Russian Federation are convinced that their bilateral cooperation in all forms, and
their strategic partnership, contribute to the strengthening of the regional and global goodwill and cooperation. They
are determined to further enhance in every possible way the relations of partnership and closely interact on a bilateral
and multilateral basis, with other states, regional and international forums.

PRIME MINISTER

OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

(Dr. Manmohan Singh)

New Delhi

3 December 2004

PRESIDENT

OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(Vladimir V.Putin)

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