Joint Statement on the outcome of the Official Visit of H.E. Mr. Vladimir V. Putin, President of the Russian Federation to the Republic of India January 25, 2007

Thursday, 25 January 2007 00:00
The President of the Russian Federation, H.E. Mr. Vladimir V. Putin, paid an official visit to the
Republic of India on January 25-26, 2007 at the invitation of the Prime Minister of the Republic
of India Dr. Manmohan Singh. President Vladimir Putin is the first Russian Head of State who is
participating as the Chief Guest at the celebrations on the occasion of the Republic Day. Besides
a high level official delegation, President Putin was accompanied by a group of top Russian
businessmen and industrialists representing diverse areas.

2. During his stay in New Delhi, President Vladimir Putin met the President of India, Dr. A.P.J.
Abdul Kalam and the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh. The Chairperson of the
United Progressive Alliance, Mrs. Sonia Gandhi called on President Vladimir Putin. President
Vladimir Putin also participated in a business meeting attended by high level representatives
from the trade and industrial circles of India and Russia.

3. The Prime Minister of India and the President of the Russian Federation recalled with
satisfaction their meeting in July 2006 on the sidelines of the G-8 Summit in St. Petersburg
where the Russian Presidency had invited India as an outreach country. The two leaders
discussed a broad range of issues relating to bilateral cooperation and exchanged views on
important regional and international issues of mutual interest and concern. The talks were held
in the traditionally warm and cordial atmosphere that is characteristic of the longstanding India-
Russia friendship. They noted with particular interest that this visit took place in the year when
the two sides were actively preparing to jointly commemorate the 60th anniversary (on April 13,
2007) of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and the Russian Federation.
They expressed satisfaction that, despite many momentous developments affecting global
geopolitical situation over the last several decades, India and Russia have consistently remained
close and friendly partners, with a continued commitment at the highest political level to further
consolidate their ties. The following documents were signed at the conclusion of the talks
between the Prime Minister of India and the President of the Russian Federation. - Programme of
Cultural Exchanges between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the
Russian Federation for the Years 2007-2009;

- Protocol between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Russian
Federation on holding “Year of Russia in India” in the year 2008 and “Year of India in Russia”
in the Year 2009;

- Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the
Russian Federation on the access of the Indian Party to navigation signals of the Russian Global
Navigation Satellite System GLONASS for peaceful purposes;

- Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the
Russian Federation on access of the Indian Party to a part of the Russian Global Navigation
Satellite System GLONASS radio frequency spectrum;

- Agreement between the Indian Space Research Organization and the Federal Space Agency on
cooperation in the joint satellite project ‘YOUTHSAT’;

- Memorandum of Intent between the Department of Atomic Energy, the Government of the
Republic of India and Federal Atomic Energy Agency, the Russian Federation on development
of cooperation in the construction of additional nuclear power plant units at Kudankulam site as
well as in the construction of Russian design nuclear power plants at new sites in the Republic of
India;

Also the following were adopted:

- Joint Statement by the Prime Minister of the Republic of India and the President of the Russian
Federation on cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of atomic energy;

- Plan of major events to commemorate the 60th Anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic
relations between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation (April 13, 2007).

4. The Sides stress that durable, friendly and mutually beneficial relations between the two
countries are based on deep mutual confidence and understanding. The strategic partnership
between India and Russia has served not only the long-term national interests of both countries
but has also effectively contributed to stability and security in Asia and the world in general. The
two countries hold identical or similar views on most international issues. The Prime Minister of
India and the President of the Russian Federation highly value the successful practice of holding
annual summits that have played a key role in consistently adding greater strategic content to
the wide-ranging cooperation between the two countries. These Summits encourage intensive
contacts between India and Russia at all levels with a view to further intensifying bilateral
cooperation.

5. During the talks, the two Sides reviewed the implementation of the decisions taken during
the India-Russia Summit in December 2005. While expressing satisfaction at the ongoing
multifaceted cooperation, the Sides support its further development, particularly in priority
spheres such as high technologies, telecommunications, outer space, metallurgy, energy, nuclear
power and military and technical cooperation.

6. The Sides reaffirm their intention to intensify efforts to further develop and diversify
their trade and economic cooperation. Noting that the Indian-Russian Inter-Governmental
Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation provides
an important mechanism for the development of trade and economic ties, the Sides stress the
need to pay particular attention to the further promotion of bilateral trade and investment,
including in energy, technology and knowledge-intensive economic sectors.

7. The Sides express satisfaction over the signing in February 2006 of the India-Russia Protocol
on completion of negotiations on Russia’s accession to the WTO. Particular importance
is attached to the setting up of a Joint Study Group (JSG) in 2006 to work out practical
recommendations aimed at effectively tapping the opportunities available in both countries to
substantially raise their bilateral trade and economic cooperation. As an immediate step, the
Sides support early finalization of a result-oriented programme of action by the JSG to increase
their bilateral trade to US $ 10 billion by 2010.

8. The Sides advocate every possible effort to expand mutually beneficial contacts between the
business communities of the two countries. They welcome the initiatives taken in this direction
by the industrial and business associations of India and Russia, aimed at strengthening the
important role played by the Joint Business Council. The Sides also agree to take steps to remove
the existing barriers impeding the promotion of bilateral trade.

9. The Sides appreciate the establishment of the Indo-Russian Forum for Trade and Investment,
co-chaired by the Minister of Commerce and Industry of India and the Minister of Economic
Development and Trade of the Russian Federation. They are optimistic that its first meeting
in India in February 2007 at which a large number of top businessmen from both sides are
preparing to participate will yield positive results.

10. Noting the vital role played by energy in economic growth, the Sides attach particular
importance to energy security issues. They endorse the concept of ‘energy security’ envisaging
an acceptable balance between security of demand and security of supply. In view of their
corresponding resources, needs, capabilities and potential, the Sides agree to further enhance
direct dialogue between their oil and gas companies aimed at concluding concrete and mutually
beneficial commercial agreements for joint work in all segments of oil and gas cooperation in
India, Russia and third countries. The arrival of the first shipment of oil to India from Sakhalin-
I in early December 2006 as well as the signing on January 25, 2007 of an MoU between ONGC
and Rosneft oil company setting up two joint Working Groups - one each for upstream and
downstream activities - demonstrate the viability of future India-Russia cooperation in the entire
hydrocarbon value chain. The Sides also expressed satisfaction at the progress in the ongoing
construction of two nuclear power plants in Kudankulam (India) with Russian participation.

11. The Sides note with satisfaction that the progressive expansion of their traditionally
important cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of outer space is based on deep mutual
trust and high capabilities of the two countries in this sphere. In this context, they particularly
welcome the signing of additional bilateral agreements during the present visit to jointly
implement wide-ranging cooperation in the Russian Global Navigation Satellite System
GLONASS. They also express satisfaction at the signing of a bilateral document to jointly
develop and launch a Youth Satellite for educational purposes.

12. Military-technical cooperation between India and Russia has traditionally remained a
major pillar of the bilateral strategic partnership. The Sides note with satisfaction that mutually
beneficial interaction in the field of defence has steadily progressed from a buyer-seller format
to also include joint research and development, manufacturing and marketing, regular service
to service interaction and joint exercises. As a leading example of their shared potential in high
technological collaboration, the India-Russia joint venture to manufacture Brahmos missile,
which is expanding in scope, has led the way to further such joint projects. The Sides note with
satisfaction the in-principle decision to jointly develop a new Multi-Role Transport Aircraft.

13. India and Russia, while recognizing vast possibilities offered by rapid development and mass
use of information and communication technologies, systems and utilities, including internet,
express their concern that along with the gains, new threats of use of information technologies
have emerged, which are incompatible with the goals of ensuring international stability and
security both in civil and military spheres. The Sides express their readiness to continue
bilateral India-Russia dialogue and intensify joint efforts directed at strengthening national and
international information security, including combating criminal and terrorist activities.

14. The Sides recall with satisfaction their wide-ranging bilateral cooperation in the field
of science and technology that has been successfully and jointly steered and conducted
in the framework of the Integrated Long Term Programme (ILTP). They affirm to jointly
commemorate the 20th anniversary (on July 3, 2007) of the establishment of the ILTP. As a
major initiative, the Sides welcome the decision to set up an India-Russia Technology Centre
in Moscow to facilitate and channelize commercial /industrial applications of new jointly
developed technologies. The Sides recognize that this new facet to S&T cooperation would also
provide a stimulant effect to the overall scope of joint work. The Signing of the relevant Joint

Work Document would enable the Centre to begin concrete work.

15. The Sides have agreed to continue work on the North-South international transport corridor
project, in the interests of further development of trade and economic cooperation between India
and Russia.

16. Cultural cooperation and people to people contacts have traditionally played an important
role in promoting greater understanding and closer friendship between India and Russia. In
this context, the Sides welcome the signing of the bilateral Cultural Exchange Programme and
the Protocol to celebrate 2008 as the “Year of Russia in India” and 2009 as the “Year of India
in Russia”. The Sides appreciate ongoing joint efforts aimed at development of partnership
relations between institutions of the two countries in the fields of culture, Indian and Russian
studies and languages. They agree to consider new mechanisms, including financial, to
accelerate this trend through greater interaction between Indian and Russian scholars.

17. The Sides will work towards the establishment of a multipolar world order based on the
principles of the rule of law, sovereign equality, territorial integrity and non-interference in
internal affairs of States. Activities aimed at strengthening a central coordinating role of the
United Nations in maintaining peace and security, and at increasing the efficiency and authority
of the UN, form important elements of India-Russia cooperation at the international level. India
and Russia stress the need to implement the process of UN reform, so as to reflect contemporary
realities. In this context, the Russian Federation reiterates once again that it regards India as an
influential and major member of the international community. The Russian Federation reaffirms
its support to India as a deserving and strong candidate for the permanent membership in an
expanded UN Security Council.

18. India and Russia strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. Both Sides
reaffirm that terrorism is one of the gravest threats to international peace and security, and that
there can be no justification for any act of terrorism, irrespective of motivations, wherever and
by whosoever committed. They are also convinced that terrorism cannot and should not be
associated with any nationality, religious, cultural or ethnic group. The Sides affirm that bilateral
cooperation in counter-terrorism is an important dimension of their strategic partnership. They
agree to consolidate joint efforts in suppressing financing of international terrorism and fighting
illicit drug trafficking.

19. The Sides reiterate their intention to continue comprehensive long-term international
cooperation to combat terrorism and to address other new challenges and threats, acting on the
basis of international law under the UN auspices as well as within other relevant international
organizations of which India and Russia are members. They oppose double standards in
combating this phenomenon. They will cooperate to implement the United Nations Global
Counter-Terrorism Strategy and to ensure an early entry into force of the International
Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. Both Sides affirm their strong
interest in promptly reaching an agreement on the draft Comprehensive Convention against
International Terrorism submitted by India.

20. The Sides note with concern the risk posed by the spread of terrorist ideologies and express
their determination to counter this threat basing these efforts on UN SC resolution 1624,
including through enhancing, in every possible way, dialogue among civilizations and cultures.

21. The Sides are interested in strengthening bilateral and multilateral interaction in Central Asia,
which would contribute to enhanced stability and security in the region, including through closer
and mutually beneficial cooperation with individual countries in the region based on shared

interests and mutual respect. India and Russia advocate the development of practical cooperation
among all partner countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

22. The Sides are concerned about the continuing deterioration of the situation in Afghanistan
and the growing terrorist threat posed by the Taliban and other extremist forces. India and
Russia will continue to participate in the post-war recovery in Afghanistan and are interested
in strengthening its statehood and in the reemergence of that country as a peaceful, democratic,
independent and prosperous state.

23. The Sides are convinced that an effective solution to the Iranian nuclear issue is best found
through political and diplomatic efforts. In this regard the unanimous adoption of the UN
Security Council Resolution 1737 is significant. It underscores the need for more active and
transparent cooperation of Iran with the IAEA in order to resolve outstanding verification issues.
They agreed that implementation of the Resolution should facilitate resumption of negotiations
for a long-term comprehensive agreement which would allow for the development of relations
and cooperation with Iran based on mutual respect and the establishment of international
confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme.

24. The Sides call for ensuring peace and security on the Korean Peninsula, maintaining it free
from nuclear weapons and addressing the nuclear problem through the six-party talks based on
the Joint Statement of September 19, 2005.

25. The Sides reaffirm their commitment to securing a comprehensive, lasting and just settlement
of the Arab-Israeli conflict on a firm international legal basis, i.e. relevant UNSC resolutions,
the Madrid Principles and the Road Map. They also support the Arab Peace Initiative, adopted
in Beirut in 2002. They condemn violence by all sides and call for negotiated solutions. They
advocate the active support of the international community, the Quartet and regional players for
efforts aimed at normalizing the situation in West Asia and Middle East, and resuming dialogue
on all tracks; the Palestinian, the Lebanese and the Syrian, for comprehensive and durable peace
in the region.

26. The Sides express concern over the continuing deterioration of the situation in Iraq. They
believe that a return to peace, stability and progress in Iraq can only be achieved through
reconciliation and a broad internal dialogue between all ethnic and religious groups and political
forces of the country. India and Russia believe that the developments in Iraq indicate the need
for collective international efforts aimed towards an early normalization of the situation in the
country.

27. The Sides call for expansion of cooperation within the China-Russia-India trilateral format.
The first trilateral summit-level meeting, which took place in July 2006 in the outreach format
of the G8 events in St. Petersburg, gave a fresh impetus to enhancing multifaceted interaction
among the three states. The trilateral interaction promotes the development of mutually
beneficial economic cooperation among India, Russia and China, enhances international accord
in the field of countering new challenges and threats, especially in the fight against terrorism,
and contributes to strengthening peace and stability in Asia and throughout the world.

28. The Sides reaffirm their strong commitment to strengthening their relations in every possible
way, and express their conviction that the strategic partnership contributes to the development
of mutually beneficial and comprehensive bilateral cooperation, and serves the cause of peace,
security, stability and sustainable development at the regional and global levels.

29. The President of the Russian Federation invited the Prime Minister of the Republic of India

to visit Russia at a mutually convenient time for the next annual Summit. The invitation was
gladly accepted.

New Delhi
25 January 2007

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