Remarks by Russian Governor of the IAEA Board of Governors, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation at International Organisations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, during the IAEA Board of Governors session on the agenda item “Verification and Monit

Wednesday, 06 June 2018 23:27

Mr Chairman,

We appreciate the Director General of the IAEA and the members of the Department of Safety for preparing an exhaustive report on inspections and monitoring in Iran under UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015).

The report clearly confirms that Tehran has scrupulously complied with its obligations under the JCPOA, observes the established parameters and limitations on the development of its nuclear programme, and provides access for IAEA inspectors to all the facilities that interest them. We believe the agency has everything necessary to proceed in an organised way towards preparing a so-called expanded conclusion to the effect that Iran uses its nuclear material for peaceful activities only. Today Iran is the most monitored country in the world while the risk of proliferation in relation to its nuclear activity are practically nonexistent.

Much of the credit for this must go to the JCPOA and the constructive interaction between Tehran and the IAEA in the framework of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and the Additional Protocol thereto which is in effect in Iran on a temporary basis. We are grateful to IAEA Deputy Director General Massimo Aparo for additional information on Iran’s recent decision concerning the development of its nuclear programme. The corresponding moves, we believe, fully fit into the framework and parameters of the JCPOA.

We welcome the balanced and wise reaction of the leadership of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the subversive actions of Washington and Iran’s continued and full compliance with the JCPOA even under the current crisis conditions provoked by the US decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal, reintroduce its national sanctions against Iran and, moreover, to lend them an extraterritorial character. In other words, the US has not only withdrawn from JCPOA, but is trying to hinder other states' continued compliance with the agreement.

Russia is profoundly disappointed with US actions that represent a substantial departure from the JCPOA and violate UN Security Council Resolution 2231. To remind, the final point in the preamble to that resolution invokes Article 25 of the UN Charter which makes UNSC resolutions binding on all member states. The sad irony is that it was Washington that originally insisted on including this item in the resolution. Likewise, it is clear that the US decisions run counter to the relevant resolutions of the IAEA Board of Governors of 2015. Considering that the Report of the IAEA Director General on inspections in light of UN Security Council Resolution 2231 confirms Iran’s full compliance with its obligations, the American cavils over Tehran’s nuclear activities are specious and in our opinion serve as a smoke screen for settling political scores with Iran. In fact, the US has discredited itself by demonstrating that it is not a reliable partner that honours agreements.

Mr Chairman,

We deeply regret that the ill-thought-out and ungrounded US policy with regard to the JCPOA undermines confidence in the IAEA international safeguard system, puts into question its effectiveness and casts a shadow on the agency’s conclusions and authority in terms of verification. All this conspires to shake the nuclear non-proliferation regime based on the NPT at which Washington delivered a serious blow, unthinkingly and with disregard for the consequences.

The Russian side remains committed to complying with the JCPOA. We count on further interaction with the remaining partners within the group of six countries and all the parties concerned in keeping the nuclear agreement afloat. The IAEA, as before, plays a key role in this process. We hope that at this difficult juncture the agency will be able to cope with the role of independent and unbiased arbiter.

Our position is that the US decision to ruin the comprehensive agreements of 2015 effectively deprives the American side of any rights in the framework of the JCPOA and UN Security Council Resolution 2231. We express hope that comprehensive agreements on the Iran nuclear programme will still work for peace and stability. The Russian side will do all it can towards this end.

Thank you, Mr Chairman.  

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