200411-02

Rich Tributes Paid to Tatar Poet Gabdulla Tukay at RCSC

Thursday, 21 April 2011 12:13

    Speakers at a Literary Evening jointly organized by the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and Parichay Sahitya Parishad on April 20, 2011 paid rich tributes to the great national poet of Tatar literature Gabdulla Tukay on the occasion of his 125th Birth Anniversary.

Padma Sri Dr. Sunita Jain, noted Hindi poet, writer and critic, was the Chief Guest of the function, which was addressed by prominent Hindi poets, writers, journalists, novelists and critics, mainly Ms. Urmil Satyabhushan, President, Parichay Sahitya Parishad, Mr. Pravesh Dhawan, Ms. Seemab Sultanpuri and Mr. Zarf Delhvi.

The multi-media presentation made by Ms. Yelena S. Shtapkina, Deputy Director (Culture & Information), highlighted significant aspects on the literary career of Gabdulla Tukay. Appearing into the history of Tatar literature as a great national poet, Gabulla Tukay (1886-1913) created a basis for national poetry and shaped its classical style.  In the history of Tatar culture, his name occupies a special place compared to the importance of Pushkin in Russian culture. Referred to as the “founder of modern Tatar literature and modern Tatar language”, he replaced the old Tatar language in literature. Gabdulla Tukay is from those writers, who opened new horizons and new perspectives of national culture.

Born into a family of mullah on April 26, 1886 in the Cushlauch village of the Kazan province (presently, Arski Region of Republic Tatarstan), Gabdulla Tukay had to face heavy odds in early life. Equipped with strong will and inherent talent, he was influenced by new political trends that symbolized the rise of the revolutionary movement. Starting with contributions to hand-written magazines, by the time he reached the age of 15, he translated 77 fables, half of which were written by Krilov. The 1905 revolution stirred up the life in Uralsk, when he contributed to Tatar newspapers and magazines. His creative work was penetrated by battle spirit, glorifying and protecting democratic ideals. The revolution had its negative impact, but he resolved to stand till the end for the honour of the native land and the victory of democracy. In 1907, he came to Kazan, the cradle of national culture and history. The life in Kazan became the golden age of his talent, time of his glory, and there he became famous as a poet, critic, journalist and public figure. His important literary works consisted of “Poems by Gabdulla Tukay”, “Autumn Winds”, “Oppression”, “Summer Residence”, “Religion and People”, “Hopes of the People”, etc. On completion of an extensive travel to south and central Russia, he returned to Kazan, where he died of illness at the age of 27.

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